In Chinese, the construction verb + 得 (de) + adjective is used to indicate the extent or degree of the verb. In this sentence, 学习 (xuéxí) means 'to learn', and 学得很好 (xué dé hěn hǎo) means 'learn to the extent of very well'.
学习 (xuéxí): learn汉语 (hànyǔ): Chinese language学得 (xué dé): learn to the extent of很好 (hěn hǎo): very well
tā men měi tiān dōu hē kā fēi。
They drink coffee every day.
The adverb 都 (dōu) is used to indicate that something applies to all members of a group or to show emphasis on something. The sentence structure is SVO (Subject-Verb-Object).
他们 (tā men): they每天 (měi tiān): every day都 (dōu): all喝 (hē): to drink咖啡 (kā fēi): coffee
nǐ xiǎng hē chá ma?
Do you want to drink tea?
This sentence uses the question particle '吗' to turn the statement into a question. The pattern is Subject + Verb + Object + 吗?
Although this book is a bit difficult, it is very interesting.
In this sentence, we use the grammar structure '虽然...但是...' (suīrán...dànshì...) meaning 'although...but...'. It is used to express a contrast or contradiction between two ideas. The word '有点' (yǒudiǎn) means 'a bit' and is used to modify the adjective '难' (nán). The word '很' (hěn) means 'very' and is used to intensify the adjective '有意思' (yǒu yìsi) meaning 'interesting'.
这本书 (zhè běn shū): this book虽然 (suīrán): although有点 (yǒudiǎn): a bit难 (nán): difficult但是 (dànshì): but很 (hěn): very有意思 (yǒu yìsi): interesting
Tā de gōngzuò hěn máng, dànshì tā zǒngshì zhǎo shíjiān duànliàn shēntǐ.
His job is very busy, but he always finds time to exercise.
This sentence uses the structure '虽然 + Adj. + Verb, 但是 + S.' to express a contrastive idea between the first part and the second part of the sentence. In this sentence, 虽然 + Adj. expresses the busyness of his job and 但是 + S. shows that he still finds time to exercise.
他 (tā): he的 (de): possessive particle工作 (gōngzuò): job, work很 (hěn): very忙 (máng): busy但是 (dànshì): but总是 (zǒngshì): always找 (zhǎo): to find时间 (shíjiān): time锻炼 (duànliàn): to exercise身体 (shēntǐ): body