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这个汉字怎么读?HSK 5
zhè ge hàn zì zěn me dú?
How do you read this Chinese character?
The word order of this question is the same as a statement, with the subject coming before the verb. 怎么 (zěn me) means 'how' and is used for questions involving actions or methods.
这个 (zhè ge): this汉字 (hàn zì): Chinese character怎么 (zěn me): how (): read
我今天买了一件衬衫。HSK 4
Wǒ jīntiān mǎile yí jiàn chènshān.
I bought a shirt today.
This sentence uses the time adverb 今天 to indicate when the action of buying occurred. The verb 买 is followed by the measure word 一件 and the noun 衬衫 to indicate the specific item bought.
(): I, me今天 (jīntiān): today (mǎi): to buy一件 (yí jiàn): a (measure word for clothes)衬衫 (chènshān): shirt
我在大学学习汉语,已经学了两年了。HSK 6
Wǒ zài dà xué xué xí hàn yǔ, yǐ jīng xué le liǎng nián le.
I study Chinese at university, and have already studied for two years.
The sentence uses the particle '了' to indicate past tense, and the adverb '已经' to show the completed action of studying for two years. The '在' proposition is used to indicate the place where the subject studies.
(): I (zài): at大学 (dà xué): university学习 (xué xí): study汉语 (hàn yǔ): Chinese language已经 (yǐ jīng): already学了 (xué le): studied两年 (liǎng nián): two years
我今天晚上要去看电影。HSK 2
Wǒ jīntiān wǎnshàng yào qù kàn diànyǐng.
I am going to watch a movie tonight.
In this sentence, the verb '要' (yào) indicates a future action, meaning 'will'. The sentence structure follows the order of subject-verb-object with the time phrase '今天晚上'(jīntiān wǎnshàng) at the beginning.
(): I今天晚上 (jīntiān wǎnshàng): tonight (yào): will (): go (kàn): watch电影 (diànyǐng): movie
他们每天都去学校。HSK 3
Tāmen měitiān dōu qù xuéxiào.
They go to school every day.
The adverbial phrase used in this sentence is 每天, which means 'every day'. The verb is expressed using the verb phrase 去学校, indicating the action of going to school. The adverb 都 is used to emphasize that they go to school everyday.
他们 (tāmen): they每天 (měitiān): every day (dōu): all (): to go学校 (xuéxiào): school