gǒu hěn kuàilè
The dog is happy
This sentence uses the adverb 很 (hěn) which means 'very' to describe the state of being for the dog, using the adjective 快乐 (kuàilè) which means 'happy'.
狗 (gǒu): dog很 (hěn): very快乐 (kuàilè): happy
tā de zhōng wén kǒu yīn fēi cháng dì dào
Her Chinese pronunciation is very authentic.
The structure 'adjective + 地 + adverb' is used to modify the adverb. Here, 非常 (very) acts as the adverb being modified by the adjective 地道 (authentic).
她 (tā): she的 (de): possessive particle中文 (zhōng wén): Chinese language口音 (kǒu yīn): pronunciation非常 (fēi cháng): very地道 (dì dào): authentic
Wǒ xǐhuan kàn diànyǐng hé tīng yīnyuè.
I like watching movies and listening to music.
In this sentence, the verb "喜欢" indicates the speaker's liking for two hobbies: watching movies and listening to music. The conjunction "和" indicates the two hobbies are connected and listed together.
我 (wǒ): I喜欢 (xǐhuan): like看 (kàn): watch电影 (diànyǐng): movie和 (hé): and听 (tīng): listen音乐 (yīnyuè): music
Jīntiān tiānqì bùcuò.
The weather is nice today.
This sentence uses the adjective 不错 (not bad) to describe the weather. In Chinese, adjectives often come after the noun they modify. The structure is 时间 (time) + 主语 (subject) + 动词 (verb) + 描述 (description), which means 'Time Subject Verb Description'.
今天 (jīntiān): today天气 (tiānqì): weather不错 (bùcuò): not bad
Wǒmen jīntiān bù qù chāoshì.
We are not going to the supermarket today.
This sentence uses the negative particle '不' (bù) which negates the action that follows it. It also uses the verb '去' (qù) which means 'to go'. Finally, it introduces the time word '今天' (jīntiān) which means 'today'.
我们 (wǒmen): we今天 (jīntiān): today不 (bù): not去 (qù): to go超市 (chāoshì): supermarket